Arabians are the oldest known breed of riding horses. Bred by the Bedouins in the Arab Peninsula, they are renowned for their high level of endurance over long distances. The dry, harsh weather conditions of the desert helped develop this breed's traits for speed and distance riding. The Arabian is a versatile horse and its ability to handle explosive bursts of energy and long, exhausting treks made it the horse of choice for such historical figures as: George Washington, Napoleon, Alexander the Great, and Genghis Khan.
Warmbloods are breeds developed from the crossing of cold bloods (draft horses) and hot bloods (e.g. Thoroughbreds and Arabians). They are known for their athleticism and calm temperaments. They often compete in the Olympic disciplines of show jumping and dressage.
American Indians selectively bred spotted Appaloosa horses for their color and versatility.
The Quarter Horse is known for speed at the quarter mile and its exceptional ability to work cattle.
The Shetland Pony originated in the Shetland Isles of Scotland. They have heavy coats and short legs, and are naturally hardy and constitutionally strong. Although originally used for working purposes, they are now also known for riding and showing. Shetland ponies are generally gentle, good-tempered, and very intelligent by nature.